Mesothelioma Chances Increase in the Downwind Direction and Closeness to the Asbestos Source
Researchers have reported that chances of developing mesothelioma increases in the people living close to the industrial asbestos source.
Mesothelioma is a rare form of cancer that develops in the protective lining of the internal organs of the body. It is most commonly caused by asbestos.
In the present study, researchers worked on an area of Barcelona province (Catalonia, Spain), where 24 cases of environmental pleural mesothelioma were diagnosed in the years from 2000 to 2009. This area was home of a fibrous cement factory for 90 years. Although the plant closed in 1997 but the rate of mesothelioma in the area continues to be high.
Researchers found that the chances of developing environmental pleural mesothelioma was higher in the population living within the “500 m of the plant than in those living in a radius of 500-2000 m and much higher than those living at 2000-10 000 m.” Moreover, the chances were even higher in the downwind direction from the asbestos source.
“Residential distance from an industrial source of asbestos and local wind conditions have a considerable impact on the risk of developing environmental pleural mesothelioma,” Researchers concluded in the research paper.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, of the BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, published (doi:10.1136/oemed-2012-101198) this research online on May 21st.
Source: Surviving Mesothelioma Photo Source: Cancer Research UK