Politics of Corruption: The Democratic Angle
In a democracy power is always decentralized—from the highest level of the Prime Minister to the grass-root level of a village chieftain. So in a similar way corruption has to get decentralized too specifically at every level.
The village chief enjoys lot of powers to take decisions, settle disputes and negotiate for development projects. If, in the process, s/he takes bribes or bribes someone the higher authority at the district level cannot necessarily be implicated criminally in that corruption. A local boss at a town office similarly enjoys absolute discretionary powers in regard to his/her office. Now, if s/he indulges in corrupt deals the town chief or the district collector cannot necessarily be held criminally responsible. Accordingly, the chief minister of a state cannot necessarily be implicated criminally if the collector creates scams and scandals.
So, if local authorities wield so much power one can well imagine what a minister of a state or of a country can do. This becomes basically a power to be corrupt and it may or may not be a racket reaching the top. An endless stream of corrupt power-groups thrive democratically and any fight against corruption could get diluted in the process of making charges and allegations creating an equally never-ending stream of court cases, pleas and litigation. The problem here is that nobody can be conclusive about it. Politics has to naturally take over from hereon.
India has been caught in a politico-economic-social mess since the Supreme Court delivered a landmark judgment on the 2G Spectrum allocation scam on February 2, 2012. In one of the three crucial judgments the Court cancelled all the 122 2G Spectrum licenses allocated in 2008 to a range of national and international telecom companies on the ground that the licenses were issued arbitrarily on a first-come-first-serve basis and not through the normal auction process. The then telecom Minister A Raja, already completing a year in jail, was held responsible for the huge loss of money for the country.Continued on the next page