South Sudan, Libya, and the Two-State Solution
On Saturday, July 9, a historic happening occurred, an event that caused the entire world to stop for a moment and celebrate the perseverance of worldwide democracy: a new nation was born. South Sudan, the newest member of the worldwide community, was created out of the ashes of one of the most tumultuous regions in the world, Sudan. Plagued by genocide, decades of brutal civil war, and a lack of a government interested in preserving the liberties of the people, the people of South Sudan will have a chance to pursue peace, democracy, and opportunity in a land in which such ideas had not existed for many years.
Indeed, Saturday's declaration was met with approval and elation by all parties involved. Omar al-Bashir, President of Sudan, issued this statement: "I have come here today to share with you your jubilation and festive on this occasion, not because we have turned away from Unity...because of deep-rooted conviction that unity cannot be realized through war and that the will of Southern Sudanese people must be respected..."
"...we thought that it would be better for Southern Sudanese to achieve their aspiration in separation from a united Sudanese entity and establish their own state according to the official government announcement issued in Khartoum yesterday according to which we recognized the new Republic of South Sudan as an independent state despite our belief that unity of Sudan would have been the better option and more viable and beneficial to our people in the South and the North."
The content of Mr. al-Bashir's speech demonstrated the belief held among many that in cases such as that of Sudan, peaceful independence of certain regions is a better long-term solution than unity in a large, diverse state. The implementation of a two state solution will certainly improve the lives of citizens of Sudan and South Sudan; now, the governments of both states will be able to focus on controlling a smaller, less diverse and multi-ethnic sphere, thus being able to provide more support to the people.Continued on the next page